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Prevention of Diarrhoea in Children with HIV Infection or Exposure to Maternal HIV Infection

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English: Web Page


Diarrhea is a common cause of illness in children, especially in low and middle-income countries where it accounts for nearly 2.5 million deaths per year. Infants and children exposed to HIV infection may be more vulnerable to diarrhoea due to weakened immune systems, nutritional deficiencies or because of other infections. This review evaluates 3 interventions to assess whether they can prevent death or illness from diarrhea in infants and children with HIV infection or exposure: vitamin A, zinc and cotrimoxazole. This review found nine studies that addressed these interventions in infants or children with HIV infection, showing that vitamin A shows reduction of mortality and morbidity due to diarrhoea in children with HIV infection and a trend in lower illness from diarrhoea. Zinc prevented visits due to watery diarrhoea and cotrimoxazole decreased death and respiratory infections.

Publisher: The Cochrane Collaboration
Language: English
Format: Web Page
Region: Global
Audiences: Doctors/Physicians, Other Healthcare Workers, Physician's Assistants/Nurse Practitioners, Program Managers, Nurses
Topic Areas: Complications of HIV in Children, Opportunistic Infections & Associated Conditions
Resource Type: Research Summaries and Reviews