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South African National HIV Prevalence Incidence, Behaviour and Communication Survey, 2008: The Health of Our Children

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English: PDF [3.5MB]


This report, based on a population-based HIV seroprevalence survey, focuses on health of children 0-18 years of age. Infant and child health issues addressed include: the place of birth and presence of birth attendants, immunization against childhood diseases, infant feeding, scarification, perceived health status and health care utilization. In addition, the report also covers two key maternal health issues, namely, antenatal care (ANC) attendance during pregnancy and HIV testing. In addition to HIV prevalence in children 0-18 years of age, the report presents behavioral determinants of HIV infection, access to behavioral change communication as well as contextual factors such as orphanhood and child-headed households, poverty (or household income) and risk factors and risk environments for children at home and at school. Although the report highlights that much progress has been achieved in preventing and mediating the impact of HIV/AIDS on children as well as advancing some aspects of both maternal and child health in South Africa, it also points out areas of great concern such as maternal and neonatal mortality, poor immunization rates and poor infant feeding practices, along with some tangible recommendations about how this can be achieved.

Publisher: Human Sciences Research Council
Language: English
Format: PDF
Region: South Africa
Audiences: Policymakers, Program Managers, Researchers
Topic Areas: Orphans & Affected Families, Primary Care of HIV Infected & Exposed Children
Resource Type: Research Summaries and Reviews