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High incidence of tuberculosis among HIV-infected infants: evidence from a South African population-based study highlights the need for improved tuberculosis control strategies.

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English: Web Page


Abstract only. The study estimated the incidences of pulmonary, extrapulmonary, and disseminated tuberculosis over a 3-year period (2004-2006) with use of prospective representative hospital surveillance data of the annual number of culture-confirmed tuberculosis cases among infants. There were 245 infants with culture-confirmed tuberculosis. The overall incidences of tuberculosis were 1596 cases per 100,000 population among HIV-infected infants (95% confidence interval [CI], 1151-2132 cases per 100,000 population) and 65.9 cases per 100,000 population among HIV-uninfected infants (95% CI, 56-75 cases per 100,000 population).

Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Language: English
Format: Web Page
Regions: Global, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Africa
Audiences: Policymakers, Program Managers, Researchers
Topic Areas: Orphans & Affected Families, Complications of HIV in Children
Resource Type: Journal Articles