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Vitamin A and the Risk of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV

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English: Web Page

Summary

This report addresses information and studies related to the use of vitamin A and the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Several studies are cited along with current World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations regarding vitamin A supplementation for pregnant and lactating women, regardless of HIV status. The report concludes that vitamin A supplementation, whether given as daily doses during pregnancy and lactation or as a single dose postpartum, does not reduce the rate of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The data on whether it increases the risk HIV transmission through breastfeeding or infant mortality in infected infants are still inconclusive.

Publisher: University of California San Francisco
Language: English
Format: Web Page
Region: Global
Audiences: Doctors/Physicians, Nurses, Midwives/Traditional Birth Attendants
Literacy level: Medium
Topic Areas: Perinatal Interventions, Nutrition, Infant Feeding
Resource Type: Overviews