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Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections among HIV-Exposed and HIV-Infected Children

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English: PDF [9.6 MB]


These recommendations are for clinicians and other health care providers who care for HIV-infected children. They provide evidence-based guidelines for preventing and treating opportunistic infections (OIs) among HIV-exposed or HIV-infected children. Treatment and prevention of twenty-two OIs, or groups of OIs, are addressed, including recommendations for preventing exposure to opportunistic pathogens and preventing first episodes of disease by chemoprophylaxis or vaccination (primary prophylaxis), and disease recurrence (secondary prophylaxis). Each OI section includes information on epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment recommendations, monitoring and adverse events, and management of treatment failure. The tables address drugs and doses, drug toxicities and criteria for discontinuing treatment, drug interactions, and immunization schedules.

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Publisher: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Infectious Diseases Society of America
Language: English
Format: PDF
Regions: North America, United States of America
Audiences: Doctors/Physicians, Researchers, Nurses, Other Healthcare Workers
Literacy level: Medium
Topic Areas: Opportunistic Infections & Associated Conditions, Complications of HIV in Children
Resource Type: Clinical Guidelines