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Interventions to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV

February 2006

Objectives

The purposes of this module are to:

  1. Explain the mechanisms of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV.
  2. Review interventions for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), particularly those relevant to resource-poor settings.
  3. Discuss the management of HIV-infected women during labor and delivery.
  4. Review the recommended antiretroviral (ARV) regimens for preventing MTCT of HIV.
  5. Explain the relevance of viral resistance to ARV drugs for PMTCT prophylaxis.
  6. Summarize the safety considerations related to ARV drugs commonly used during pregnancy.
  7. Explain the immediate postpartum care of women infected with HIV.

Estimated time: 1 hour, 45 minutes